Following is an example of the 'history of computers' displayed in the museum.
The advances in 'Integrated circuit' design meant that computers could be made a lot
cheaper, and in the 1980's computers became
commonplace in the home and office.
Businesses Tended to use P.C's, there were
two dominant PC formats, The I.B.M (and I.B.M
clones) and Apple computers. The dominant
Operating system used on I.B.M compatibles
was 'D.O.S.', a command line operating system.
When using a command line operating system
the user must type in commands and names to
access computer files later, 'Windows' was
developed. It allowed I.B.M owners to use a
'G.U.I' a 'Graphical user interface'. A 'G.U.I'
system allows users to access computer files
with a mouse, the files are represented on a
screen by a symbol or icon. Apple released the
first commercially available computer that
used a 'G.U.I'. The 'XEROX Alto' computer was
developed in the early 70's. This computer
used a 'G.U.I', but was only widely used at
universities. Only about a couple of thousand
ALTOS were ever produced. It is fair to say that the Apple and
the Windows opperating system draw their roots from the Alto. Wealthy families small business and most schools could
afford a 'P.C', Microcomputers were sold to families in the lower income bracket. Micro's usually utilised a command
line operating system, the most popular micro was the Commodore 64. Serious applications
were made for the 'C64', but the greatest use of the 'C64' format was for video games.